introductory Quantum Chemistry

introductory Quantum Chemistry

Module II: Introductory Quantum Chemistry and the quantum mechanical model of the atom (10 hrs)

Operator algebra – linear and Hermitian operators, Laplacian and Hamiltonian operators, eigen functions and eigen values of an operator. Non-commuting operators and the Heisenberg's uncertainty principle. Postulates of quantum mechanics. Well behaved functions. Time independent Schrödinger wave equation for conservative systems. Application to particle in a one dimensional box – normalization of wave function. Particle in a three dimensional box – separation of variables, degeneracy. Application of Schrödinger wave equation to hydrogen atom. The wave equation in spherical polar coordinates. Separation of variables. Wave functions or atomic orbitals, radial and angular parts of atomic orbitals. Quantum numbers (n, l, m). Radial functions, Radial distribution functions and their plots, Angular functions and their plots (1s, 2s and2pz only). The Stern-Gerlach experiment and the concept of electron spin, spin quantum number, spin orbitals (elementary idea only). Pauli’s exclusion principle. 

introductory Quantum Chemistry
Chemistry Dr. Geetha Nambiar

introductory Quantum Chemistry

Module II: Introductory Quantum Chemistry and the quantum mechanical model of the atom (10 hrs)

Operator algebra – linear and Hermitian operators, Laplacian and Hamiltonian operators, eigen functions and eigen values of an operator. Non-commuting operators and the Heisenberg's uncertainty principle. Postulates of quantum mechanics. Well behaved functions. Time independent Schrödinger wave equation for conservative systems. Application to particle in a one dimensional box – normalization of wave function. Particle in a three dimensional box – separation of variables, degeneracy. Application of Schrödinger wave equation to hydrogen atom. The wave equation in spherical polar coordinates. Separation of variables. Wave functions or atomic orbitals, radial and angular parts of atomic orbitals. Quantum numbers (n, l, m). Radial functions, Radial distribution functions and their plots, Angular functions and their plots (1s, 2s and2pz only). The Stern-Gerlach experiment and the concept of electron spin, spin quantum number, spin orbitals (elementary idea only). Pauli’s exclusion principle. 

Alcohols and Phenols

Alcohols and Phenols

Module I: Alcohols and Phenols (14 hrs)

 [Prerequisites: Monohydric alcohols – Nomenclature, hydrogen bonding.]

 Methods of formation of alcohols by reduction of carbonyl compounds.

 Reaction of carbonyl compounds with Grignard reagent. 

From alkenes (hydration, hydroboration oxidation and oxymercuration-demercuration reactions). Reactions of alcohols: Acidic and basic nature of alcohols, formation of ester, reaction with hydrogen halides (Lucas test), oxidation (with PCC and KMnO4) – pinacol-pinacolone rearrangement (mechanism expected). Victor Meyer’s test. Phenols - Nomenclature, preparation of phenols (from cumene and aromatic sulphonic acid) and acidity of phenol (substituent effects). Reactions of phenols – electrophilic aromatic substitution (bromination, nitration and sulphonation) and carboxylation (Kolbe Schmitt reaction). Riemer-Tiemann reaction (mechanism expected), Liebermann’s nitroso reaction and Hauben-Hoesch reaction. Preparation of phenolphthalein and fluorescein and colour change of phenolphthalein with pH. 

ELECTROCHEMISTRY
Chemistry Ummu Habeeba.V.P

ELECTROCHEMISTRY

Specific conductance, equivalent conductance and molar conductance - Variation of conductance with dilution - Kohlrausch's law - Degree of ionization of weak electrolytes - Application of conductance measurements – Conductometric titrations. Galvanic cells - Cell and electrode potentials - IUPAC sign convention – Reference electrodes – Standard Hydrogen electrode – Calomel electrode - Standard electrode potential - Nernst equation - H2-O2 fuel cell. Ostwald's dilution law – Buffer solutions – Buffer action [acetic acid/sodium acetate & NH4OH/NH4Cl], applications of buffers.

SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT
Chemistry Ummu Habeeba.V.P

SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT

House hold, municipal and industrial solid waste – Non-degradable, degradable and biodegradable waste – Hazardous waste – Pollution due to plastics. Solid waste management: Recycling, digestion, dumping, incineration, land treatment and composting. Impacts of medical waste and e-waste and their disposal. Energy production from waste.